‘Hegel’s Energy: A Reading of the Phenomenology of Spirit’ by Michael Marder

Published by Northwestern University Press in 2021.


Hegel’s Phenomenology of Spirit has been one of the most important works of philosophy since the nineteenth century, while the question of energy has been crucial to life in the twenty-first century.

In this book, Michael Marder integrates the two, narrating a story about the trials and tribulations of energy embedded in Hegel’s dialectics. Through an original interpretation of actuality (Wirklichkeit) as energy in the Hegelian corpus, the book provides an exciting lens for understanding the dialectical project and the energy-starved condition of our contemporaneity.

To elaborate this theory, Marder undertakes a meticulous rereading of major parts of the Phenomenology, where the energy deficit of mere consciousness gives way to the energy surplus of self-consciousness and its self-delimitation in the domain of reason. In so doing, he denounces the current understanding of energy as pure potentiality, linking this mindset to pollution, profit-driven economies, and environmental crises.

Surprising and deeply engaged with its contemporary implications, this book doesn’t simply illuminate aspects of Phenomenology of Spirit—it provides an entirely new understanding of Hegel’s ideas.

Michael Marder is Ikerbasque Research Professor in the Department of Philosophy at the University of the Basque Country (UPV-EHU), Vitoria-Gasteiz. He is the author of fourteen books, including Heidegger: Phenomenology, Ecology, Politics; Energy Dreams: Of Actuality; and, with Luce Irigaray, Through Vegetal Being: Two Philosophical Perspectives.

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