The Cambridge Companion to Fichte

Published by Cambridge University Press in 2017.


Johann Gottlieb Fichte (1762–1814) was the founding figure of the philosophical movement known as German idealism, a branch of thought which grew out of Kant’s critical philosophy. Fichte’s work formed the crucial link between eighteenth-century Enlightenment thought and philosophical, as well as literary, Romanticism. Some of his ideas also foreshadow later nineteenth- and twentieth-century developments in philosophy and in political thought, including existentialism, nationalism and socialism. This volume offers essays on all the major aspects of Fichte’s philosophy, ranging from the successive versions of his foundational philosophical science or Wissenschaftslehre, through his ethical and political thought, to his philosophies of history and religion. All the main stages of Fichte’s philosophical career and development are charted, and his ideas are placed in their historical and intellectual context. New readers will find this the most convenient and accessible guide to Fichte currently available. Advanced students and specialists will find a conspectus of recent developments in the interpretation of Fichte.


Introduction by Günter Zöller
1 From Kant to Fichte by Wayne M. Martin
2 Fichte and the French Revolution by Frederick Beiser
3 Fichte’s Explanation of the Dynamic Structure of Consciousness in the 1794–95 Wissenschaftslehre by Christian Klotz
4 The Wissenschaftslehre of 1796–99 (nova methodo) by Daniel Breazeale
5 Fichte’s Later Presentations of the Wissenschaftslehre by Günter Zöller
6 Fichte’s Philosophy of Right and Ethics by Allen W. Wood
7 Fichte’s Political Economy and his Theory of Property by Jean-Christophe Merle
8 The Wissenschaftslehre and Historical Engagement by Ives Radrizzani
9 Ending Individuality: The Mission of a Nation in Fichte’s Addresses to the German Nation by Alexander Aichele
10 Fichte’s Philosophy of Religion by Hansjürgen Verweyen
11 Fichte and the Development of Early German Romantic Philosophy by Elizabeth Millán
12 Fichte and Schelling: The Limitations of the Wissenschaftslehre? by Sebastian Gardner
13 Fichte and Hegel on Recognition and Slavery by David James
14 Fichte’s Position: Anti-Subjectivism, Self-Awareness and Self-Location in the Space of Reasons by Paul Franks

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